Equation 13

The universe has an information deficit in the sense that it has only one bit of information/entropy for every e20 Planck lengths and this represents the universe’s pixilation or ‘grain size’. Equations 14 and 15 show what this means for quantum particles.

The pixilation level also has the effect of raising the effective Heisenberg uncertainty/indeterminacy level of the universe by twenty orders of magnitude. This does not make the universe excessively Chaotic in principle, but it does make it about as Chaotic as it appears in practice.